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4.3 MILLION. In 2011, an estimated 4.3 million people were newly displaced due to conflict or persecution. More than 800,000 people were displaced as refugees across international borders, the highest number in more than a decade. Another 3.5 million people were newly displaced within the borders of their countries, a 20 per cent increase from 2010.

25.9 MILLION Of the world’s displaced, 25.9 million people – 10.4 million refugees and 15.5 million IDPs – were receiving protection or assistance from UNHCR at the end of 2011.This was 700,000 people more than in 2010.

12 MILLION Statelessness was estimated to have affected up to 12 million people by the end of 2011. However, efforts to assess the magnitude of the problem were hindered by the fact that the data captured by governments and communicated to UNHCR were limited to 3.5 million stateless individuals in 64 countries.

7.1 MILLION. Almost three quarters of the refugee population under the UNHCR mandate was in a protracted situation at the end of 2011, amounting to 7.1 million people. These refugees were living in 26 different countries.

4/5TH Developing countries hosted four-fifths of the world’s refugees. The 48 Least Developed Countries provided asylum to 2.3 million refugees.

TOP Pakistan was host to the largest number of refugees worldwide (1.7 million), followed by the Islamic Republic of Iran (887,000) and the Syrian Arab Republic (755,400; Government’s estimate).

45% More than 4.7 million refugees, representing 45 per cent of the world’s refugees under UNHCR’s mandate, resided in countries where the GDP per capita was below USD 3,000.

TOP THREE Pakistan hosted the largest number of refugees in relation to its economic capacity with 605 refugees per 1 USD GDP (PPP) per capita. The Democratic Republic of the Congo (399) and Kenya (321) ranked second and third respectively.

Source: Source: Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC) of the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC), accessed from

Refugee Population by UNCHR Region